Utah Construction Picture

Constructing your new Utah home can be an exciting but often overwhelming process. This comprehensive blog post takes you through all 50 steps of the home building journey, from laying out the homesite to closing day. Learn the timelines for each phase and gain a solid understanding of how a house is built.

Laying Out the Homesite

The first step in building a home in Utah is to lay out the homesite accurately. This ensures that the house is built exactly where it needs to be.

Using the Plot Plan

The construction manager or excavator will refer to the plot plan to mark the home’s position.

Marking the Site

Marking the construction site

Pegs and spray paint are used to delineate the boundaries and important points of the homesite.

Excavation and Site Preparation

Excavation is a critical phase that involves preparing the land for the foundation of the house.

Digging the Hole

If the house plans include a basement or crawl space, the excavator will dig a hole wider than the home's footprint.

Site Facilities

Portable toilets are placed on-site for workers.

Soil Testing

An engineer will bore several holes in the ground to test the soil and water table conditions.


Concrete is poured into trenches or forms with rebar to create footings, which prevent settling and support the foundation walls.

Foundations and Basement

With the site prepared, it's time to build the foundation and basement walls.

Foundation Walls

Foundation Walls

Rebar is set up to reinforce the foundation wall, followed by pouring concrete between the forms.

Concrete Curing

The concrete needs at least 7 days to cure, but other projects can continue in the meantime.

Sewer and Water Lines

Trenches are dug for sewer and water lines, which are then connected from the street to the foundation.

Window Wells

Window wells, typically made of metal, are attached to the foundation wall around basement window openings.

Damp Proofing

A tar coating is applied to the exterior foundation wall to damp proof the basement.


The excavator pushes dirt back into the hole around the foundation and fills the garage area with dirt.

Soil Compaction

Various techniques and equipment are used to compact the soil around the foundation wall. Gravel is often added to further minimize settling.

Utilities and Infrastructure

Utilities and Infrastructure

Once the foundation is set, it's crucial to lay down the essential utilities that will serve the home. This step involves the installation of sewer, water, gas, and power lines.

Main Power Supply

Most modern homes have underground power lines. A trench is dug from the street to the foundation wall, terminating at an exterior electrical panel. A temporary power box is installed at the front of the property to provide electricity for ongoing construction.

Main Gas Line

A separate trench is dug to run the gas line to the home. Though the gas line is installed, it is not turned on at this stage.

Basement and Garage Floors

The concrete pump truck returns to fill the basement and garage floors. The concrete is poured to a thickness of 3 to 6 inches and smoothed out by a crew.

Dumpster Delivered

As construction moves above ground, a dumpster is delivered to manage the significant amount of waste generated during the building process.

Framing and Roofing

Framing and roofing are critical stages that shape the structure of the home. This phase includes the construction of floors, walls, and the roof.


Marking the construction site

A specific number of lumber packages are delivered to the site. This includes various lengths and sizes of studs, treated boards for areas where wood meets concrete, pre-built roof trusses, particle board, and floor joists.

  • Main flooring system
  • Exterior walls using studs
  • Particle board for exterior walls
  • Roof trusses lifted by crane
  • Particle board on roof trusses


The roof is covered with felt paper, followed by shingles. Roofers start at the roof's edges and work their way to the peak, ensuring the home is protected from the elements.

The Four-Way Process

Known as the four-way, this process involves the installation of plumbing, electrical, HVAC systems, and includes multiple inspections. These systems are often installed simultaneously by different trades.

HVAC Installation

Heating and air conditioning units, along with ductwork, are installed to distribute warm or cool air throughout the home. Gas fireplaces are also added during this stage.

Electrical Installation

Electricians install junction boxes for outlets, lights, switches, fans, smoke detectors, and kitchen appliances. Specific wiring is run to each location, and the breaker box is set up, though power is not yet fully distributed.

Plumbing Installation

Plumbers run sewer and water lines to the kitchen, bathrooms, and laundry areas. Tub and shower surrounds, as well as the water heater, are also installed at this time.

Windows and Doors

Windows and doors are installed, allowing the heating and air conditioning systems to be turned on. This is particularly beneficial as homes are built year-round, and maintaining a controlled climate can aid in the construction process.

Interior Finishing

Interior finishing marks the transition from rough construction to a more detailed and polished phase. This stage significantly enhances the home's livability and aesthetic appeal.


Once the home passes the four-way inspection, insulation is installed. A city inspector will return to verify the proper installation of the insulation.

Drywall Installation

Large sheets of drywall, also known as sheetrock, are delivered to the site. A crew hangs these heavy sheets on the interior walls and ceilings, cutting holes for electrical boxes and plumbing.

Mudding, Taping, and Texturing

Mudding the house

Special tools and methods are used to apply mud and tape to the seams where drywall panels meet. Corner beads are added to protect the edges, and the surface is sanded before texturing the walls.

Driveway and Exterior Elements

With heavy equipment no longer needed, the driveway is poured. Aluminum soffit, fascia, and gutters are installed to protect the roof's edge and overhang from the elements.

Stucco and Siding

Stucco is applied in multiple coats, which need to dry between applications. If it's too cold, a tent and heaters may be used. Siding, which is quicker to install, is also added at this stage.

Brick and Stone

Brick and stonework are added to the front of the home and often on pillars, enhancing the exterior's visual appeal.

Trim and Finish Work

Long trim pieces are attached to the lower walls, and shelving is installed. Stair railings receive their final adjustments.

Caulking and Painting

Shelves and trim are caulked, and holes are spackled for a cleaner look. Windows and other areas not to be painted are covered with plastic before a paint spray gun is used for the walls, ceilings, and doors.

Decks and Final Concrete

Any remaining concrete is poured, including patios and small driveway sections. Damaged concrete is replaced, and decks are completed.

Garage Doors

The garage door opener and garage doors are installed, adding convenience and security to the home.

Wood and Tile Floors

Wood and tile floors are installed late in the process to prevent damage. This includes floors in high-traffic areas like the kitchen and bathrooms.

Cabinets and Countertops

Custom cabinets are installed in the kitchen, bathrooms, and laundry area. Countertops and under-mount sinks are also added during this phase.

Floating Floors

Floating floors, such as laminate or vinyl, are installed, providing a durable and attractive surface.

Final Site Grade

Construction debris and large rocks are removed, and the site is graded to ensure proper water drainage, preparing the ground for landscaping.

Final Touches and Inspections

The final touches and inspections are crucial for ensuring the home is ready for occupancy. This stage involves detailed work and thorough inspections to confirm everything is up to code.

Final Electrical

The electrician returns to install fans, light fixtures, electrical outlets, light switches, and low-voltage items like speakers and internet hookups.

Final HVAC

Vent covers and the thermostat are installed, completing the HVAC system.

Final Plumbing

Plumbers install toilets, faucets, sinks, and the garbage disposal. Waterproof caulking is also applied.

Cabinet Hardware

Cabinet hardware such as handles and knobs are installed, completing the cabinetry.

Carpet Installation

Carpet and padding are cut to fit each room and installed, adding comfort and warmth to the home.

Bathroom Glass

Mirrors and shower glass are installed in the bathrooms, enhancing functionality and aesthetics.


Key appliances like the dishwasher, stove, and microwave are installed, generally included in the home build package.



Landscaping often includes front yard work, with sprinkler systems, trees, shrubs, sod, and xeriscaping around the foundation.

Quality Walk

The superintendent conducts a quality walk to check for incomplete items, ensuring all major projects are finished.

Final City Inspection

The city inspector performs a final inspection to confirm the home is ready for occupancy. This approval is crucial for closing on the home.

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